Video Mysticism


Last updated: November 18, 2017

Mercury retrograde, explained without astrology

The science buried under the pseudoscience.

Channel: Vox

How to Squash a Paranormal Claim

The James Randi Educational Foundation has never met a "psychic" it couldn't discredit—easily. Still, Randi understands why such frauds appeal to people. Question: What does the JREF consider a legitimate test of paranormal claims? A test of any...

Channel: Big Think

Homeopathy, quackery and fraud | James Randi

Legendary skeptic James Randi takes a fatal dose of homeopathic sleeping pills onstage, kicking off a searing 18-minute indictment of irrational beliefs. He throws out a challenge to the world's psychics: Prove what you do is real, and I'll give you a million dollars. (No...

Channel: TED

Why the World Is Still Fascinated with Astrology

In the third episode of The Chosen Ones, host Gavin Haynes dives into the world of horoscope-obsessed astrologists based in his London hometown. No matter how developed a society becomes, no matter how much they give rights to...

Channel: VICE

Psychics, Palm Readers and Other Mystic Endeavors | StarTalk

Host Neil deGrasse Tyson brings together celebrities, scientists and comedians to explore a variety of cosmic topics and collide pop culture with science in a way that late-night television has never...

Channel: National Geographic

A Lifetime Fighting Pseudoscience

What prompted the skeptic's public crusades against Uri Geller, Sylvia Browne, and other self-proclaimed mystics?

Channel: Big Think

Karl Popper, Science, and Pseudoscience: Crash Course Philosophy #8

The early 1900s was an amazing time for Western science, as Albert Einstein was developing his theories of relativity and psychology was born, as Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis took over...

Channel: CrashCourse

What Is Myth? Crash Course World Mythology #1

Welcome to Crash Course World Mythology, our latest adventure (and this series may be literally adventurous) in education. Over the next 40 episodes or so, we and Mike Rugnetta are going to learn about the world by...

Channel: CrashCourse

12 Reasons We Know Astrology Doesn't Work

If you're filling out an online dating profile and it asks you for your zodiac sign -- are you a Pisces or a Capricorn? -- leave it blank. Because anyone who cares what sign you are is probably not someone you'd want to date in the first place...

Channel: The Atheist Voice

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8.3. The Maya pseudo-prophecy and the year 2012


After the failure of the year 2000 the interest in apocalypticism was quickly invigorated through the pseudo-prophecy of the Maya calendar for the year 2012. Once again, an army of astrologers, journalists, writers, contactees, mediums and spiritual healers begged for attention screaming that in 2012 something extraordinary was about to happen with Earth and its inhabitants. Unfortunately, their efforts were mercilessly amplified by the mass media and the Internet, both flooded by prophetic clichés such as the “turning point in the history of humanity,” “year of great changes” or “the special significance of the year 2012.”

The 2012 phenomenon was by far the most widespread apocalyptic phenomenon. It shattered the cultural, social and religious barriers and it manifested itself within nations that have nothing to do with Christianity or with Maya culture. Hundreds of books, articles, video documentaries and websites discussed and analyzed this subject. A virtual domain owned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration received more than 5,000 questions from the public on

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8.2. The New Age movement


Even though it is a hundreds-year-old concept, the Age of Aquarius is currently closely connected with the hippie and the New Age tendencies of the 1960s and 1970s. The New Age movement is a sociocultural phenomenon that seeks universal truth by combining elements of spirituality, cosmology, esotericism, science and alternative medicine. It aims to create great spiritual and material changes, being at the same time the harbinger and the initiator of the Age of Aquarius. New Age supports on monism (“everything is one”) and pantheism (“everything is God”). The movement is not a group; in order to become a New Age adept no formality, such as vows or confessing certain religious beliefs, is required. It is a very diverse and malleable system, which can be defined neither as a cult nor as a religion, although it is frequently described in this way. Nobody can speak in the name of the entire community. Nevertheless, it incorporates a particular species of self-proclaimed prophets and visionaries who behave like the contactees, but they claim to be the modern successors of the biblical prophets.

Depending on the astrological, anthropological or psychological perspective, the beginning of the movement varies from Emanuel Swedenborg in the 18th century until the end of the Maya calendar on December 21, 2012. One of the important moments of the movement came to pass in 1875, at a time when spirituality was put under question by Darwinism and scientific progress. Henry Scott, William Judge and Helena Blavatsky founded the Theosophical Society in New York. The beginning of New Age can also be associated with the years 1920-1930s, after the sequelae caused by the First World War, when the disciple in theosophy Alice Bailey proclaimed the return of Christ and the necessity to form groups of spiritualization. The pseudo-prophet Edgar Cayce

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8.1. The Age of Aquarius



Contemporary society offers a paradoxical image: governments and space agencies make huge efforts to send probes to Mars, but at the same time the planet Mars influences our health, how we spend our money or the relations with our work colleagues. Science apathetically states that celestial bodies (planets, stars, galaxies) cannot influence the choices of the human individual, while on the other hand our destiny is violated on a daily basis by cheap horoscopes. Common sense says that technological advancement has the power to eradicate the medieval magical beliefs. Yet, space programs and the ordinary fortune-teller survive in the same world and they are both successful. The development of physics and chemistry wiped out the gods that dwell in the clouds or the celestial spheres that surround the earth, but modern man still feels the need to escape the monotonous reality by turning toward the supernatural, the extraordinary, exotic beliefs and mysticism.

Currently, astrological apocalyptic prophecies are non-existent, with a single exception: the entrance in the Age of Aquarius. This is present in many fatalistic and religious theories, archeological and historical

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7.2.4. When science and religion collide: pyramidology

7.2.4. When science and religion collide: pyramidology

No other preceding century did achieve as many discoveries and inventions as the 19th century. From William Whewell who coined the term “scientist,” Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of the Species, the discovery of the vaccine by Louis Pasteur to Thomas Edison’s light bulb, this century had the merit of transforming science into a profession. The world began to wake up from the nightmare of superstition and it headed toward an age of knowledge. But for theologians this was not a cause for celebration; they had the difficult task of providing religious answers to the new questions regarding the mechanics of the Universe, the history of mankind and the role of divinity in everyday life. The new discoveries came into conflict with millenary religious traditions. Thus, in a desperate effort to incorporate them into an all-embracing theological scheme, religious scholars gave birth to ideological monstrosities, one of these being pyramidology.

From a historical point of view, the megastructures created by ancient civilizations were a declaration of power and a symbol of the godlike status of the leaders. Height signals dominance. So, by making the subjects feel small and insignificant, large buildings had the purpose of maintaining order and control. But there is a pattern in the ancient ruins: from Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China to Central America, man’s first megastructures are pyramidal in shape. This is due to the fact that the tallest things on Earth, the mountains, are natural pyramids, their shape being dictated by the forces of gravity and friction. Hence, ancient people were inspired by nature’s lesson: if you want to defy gravity and build tall, but you have only rudimentary materials and little expertise, then you have to build a mountain-like structure. This is how civilizations, with no direct contact, separated by oceans, continents and sometimes thousands of years, created similar megastructures. Indeed, pyramids fascinate, but this happens not because pyramids themselves, of any kind, have something special, but because of the primordial relation between the human species and mountains. Nevertheless, many people have found this explanation unsatisfactory and they have refused to accept that the ancient megastructures were nothing

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6.6. Isaac Newton and the decline of astrology


The separation between science and superstition was a process that lasted more than three centuries. The increasingly accepted mechanical theory of causality and the image of a tridimensional Universe, in which neither Earth nor the Sun is in its center, were the main causes of the decline of astrology. At the beginning of the 16th century the Polish Nicolaus Copernicus issued the heliocentric theory, but he was ignored. Then, the Italian Giordano Bruno dared to say that the Sun is only a star among an infinity of other stars, but the Inquisition burned him at the stake. Galileo Galilei reaffirmed heliocentrism and decisively contributed to the determinist and infinite conception of the Universe.791 Finally, the German Johannes Kepler believed that he discovered God’s universal geometrical plan; in Mysterium cosmographicum from 1596 and Harmonices mundi from 1619 he said that the geometrical figures were the primordial models of the Creator in the decoration of the entire world.792 The world was created after an intelligible plan that is accessible through the natural light of reason. The “heavenly physics” – as Kepler named it – is that part of mathematics which studies the divine architecture and the connection between the physical and spiritual layers of Creation. The Universe itself was believed to be an image of God, with the Sun corresponding to the Father, the stellar sphere corresponding to the Son, and the space between them corresponding to the Holy Spirit.793

By applying quantitative measurements to terrestrial and celestial phenomena, the elites began to make a distinction between science, superstition and pseudoscience. Indeed, in the 17th century the separation

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6.3.2. Rebuilding the Holy Temple and the sacred geometry

6.3.2. Rebuilding the Holy Temple and the sacred geometry

The possibility of finding the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and their repatriation to the Holy Land generated discussions about the next eschatological step: the rebuilding of the Third Temple and the resuming of the ancient Jewish rituals. The Antichrist has to become the leader of the Jews and to impose the Mosaic beliefs over the people he would conquer. But the ancient rituals cannot be resumed without the Temple. So, through the reconstruction of the Temple a false and deceiving practice of worship is reinstalled.

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5.4.2. John Napier and the subsequent evolution of numerology

5.4.2. John Napier and the subsequent evolution of numerology

Almost 50 years had to pass until mathematicians and numerologists such as the English John Napier of Merchistoun, the inventor of the logarithms, or the German Johannes Faulhaber of Ulm, who combined the real mathematical talent with the eschatological fervor, produced numerological contributions as valuable as Stifel’s.582

Napier’s A plaine discovery of the whole Revelation of St. John... from 1563 is a serious, laborious and anti-papal work created over a period of about five years, impelled by the sermon of the Scottish Reformist Christopher Goodman:

For in my tender yeares ... being attentive to the Sermons of that worthie man of God, Maister Christopher Goodman, teaching vpon the Apocalyps, I was so mooved in admiration, against the blindnes of Papists, that could not most evidently see their seven-hilled citie Rome, painted out there so lively by Saint John, as the mother of all spirituall whoredome ... I determined with myselfe (by the assistance of Gods spirit) to employ my studie and diligence to search out the remnant mysteries of that holy book.583

Written in English, the language of the many, instead of Latin, the language of the elites, the work aimed to properly prepare the general public for when it would have to oppose the evil one. Even

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5.4.1. Michael Stifel and the antichristical calculations

5.4.1. Michael Stifel and the antichristical calculations

The year 1533 was seen as the year of Judgment both by Thomas Müntzer and Michael Stifel, but on completely different bases. Stifel was very fond of Bible study, but posterity appreciates him for his innovations in algebra and arithmetic; his interest in numerology is seen today as a strange and irrational element in his work.

Disappointed by Catholicism, Stifel sought refuge in Protestantism. He became friends with Luther and Melanchthon, and for a couple of months he lived with them at Wittenberg. In 1528 Luther obtained for him a position at a parish in Lochau (today’s Annanberg), where Stifel stayed for about five years, and he probably would have stayed longer if he had not made the prophecy about the end of world.565

Stifel avoided astrology and the classic eschatological correlation between historical and biblical events, the latter being preferred by Melanchthon or Müntzer. He wished to have a

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5.4. The numerological apocalypses


Numerology is a domain that relies on the existence of a mystical or esoteric connection between numbers on the one hand, and the material objects and beings on the other hand. Numerology, numerological divination and isopsephy were popular in the ancient teachings of Babylonia, Greek philosophy, Gnosticism and in the Hebrew system of Kabbalah.558 This is why the early Christians condemned the philosophical systems with exclusive numerical bases (such as Pythagoreanism and Gnosticism), being perceived as a pagan legacy. But Christianity did not reject numerology, because Revelation 13:18 and the mystery of the number 666 did not allow this thing. The calculations regarding 666 and the age of the world show that numbers were seen as holy messages full of hidden meanings, numerology becoming an important branch of biblical exegesis. The difference between the Pythagorean approach and the Christian one consisted in the fact that the latter understood numbers as inseparable from the divine will.559 Saint Ambrose, commenting on the days of the Creation and the Sabbath, remarks: “The number seven is good, but we do not explain it after the doctrine of Pythagoras and the other philosophers, but rather according to the manifestation and division of the grace of the Spirit; for the prophet Isaias has enumerated the principal gifts of the Holy Spirit as seven.”560 Instead, Augustine adopted a reserved attitude, criticizing Tyconius the Donatist because he had based his doctrine excessively on numerology: “if Tichonius had said that these mystical rules open out some of the hidden recesses of the law, instead of saying that they reveal all the mysteries of the law, he would

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