The prophetic foundations of the Islamic State and the radicalization of Islam

The prophetic foundations of the Islamic State and the radicalization of Islam

Catalin Negru | Published: June 1, 2016 | 10:40

Extremism always manifests when societies are struck by chaos or when there is a rupture between leaders and subjects. And the Islamic State is no exception; it rose due to the prolonged war and instability in the Middle East, multiculturalism and the clash of cultures.

Despite its name and its attempts to become a state in the real sense of the word, the Islamic State is just a terrorist organization. The history of the Islamic State began in 2006, when the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was declared, comprising Iraq’s six mostly Sunni Arab governorates.1 Abu Omar al-Baghdadi – the leader of the Mujahideen Shura Council – was announced as its emir.2 In April 2010 al-Baghdadi was killed in a joint US-Iraqi raid near the city of Tikrit.3 As a result, one month later Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was appointed the new leader of the Islamic State of Iraq.4 In April 2013, having expanded into Syria amid the civil war, the group changed its name to “Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.”5 Only one year later, on June 29, 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant proclaimed itself to be a caliphate (a single Muslim one-world government).6 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – surnamed “Caliph Ibrahim” or “Amir al-Mu’minin” (“Commander of the Faithful”) – was named its caliph, and the group renamed itself the “Islamic State”7 (at the moment it is often referred to as IS, ISIS, ISIL or Daesh).

As a caliphate, the Islamic State (through the voice of its caliph) has claimed religious, political and military authority over all Muslims worldwide.8 Based on a Jihadist-Salafism,9 it has promoted religious violence and regarded those who do not agree with its interpretations as infidels or apostates,10 it has demanded the banishment of the “crusaders” (the Christian-foreign invaders) from the Middle East, the restoration of the former glory of the Islamic culture, the return to a pure and original Sunni doctrine, the establishment of a Sunni theocracy (a state governed by the divine law of Sharia) and the rejection of all religious innovations and alterations, believed to corrupt Islam’s original spirit.11

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The failure of multiculturalism and the Muslim issue

The failure of multiculturalism and the Muslim issue

Catalin Negru | Last modified: May 5, 2016 | 11:22

There has been a lot of stir lately regarding the Syrian mass migration and its impact upon Europe. Overall, it seems that the Western world divided in two sides: those who defend humanitarianism and accept refugees (regardless of their background) in their countries, and those who refuse refugees and condemn the extreme multiculturalism and the Islamization of Europe. Now, in order to understand what is really happening, why it is happening and, most importantly, how it will evolve in the future, we must approach the problem step by step and starting from the basis. And the first step is to say a few words about the term “culture,” because you cannot speak about multiculturalism without having an idea about the meaning of ”culture.”

Culture, according to Edward Burnett Tylor, is “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.”1 Another definition of culture is offered, for example, by Merriam-Webster Dictionary: “the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations.”2

The concepts of culture and civilization (and the relation between them, although they are often used interchangeably) are philosophical issues that are still debated. Nevertheless, simply said, culture is the bridge between intelligence on the one hand, and civilization on the other hand. The level of civilization is a reflection of the level of culture, and the level of culture is a reflection of the level of intelligence. Your civilization is the manifestation of your culture, of your thinking. The more intelligent you are, the better your culture is; and the better your culture is, the better your civilization (standard of living) is.

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