The prophetic foundations of the Islamic State and the radicalization of Islam
Catalin Negru | Published: June 1, 2016 | 10:40
Extremism always manifests when societies are struck by chaos or when there is a rupture between leaders and subjects. And the Islamic State is no exception; it rose due to the prolonged war and instability in the Middle East, multiculturalism and the clash of cultures.
Despite its name and its attempts to become a state in the real sense of the word, the Islamic State is just a terrorist organization. The history of the Islamic State began in 2006, when the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was declared, comprising Iraq’s six mostly Sunni Arab governorates.1 Abu Omar al-Baghdadi – the leader of the Mujahideen Shura Council – was announced as its emir.2 In April 2010 al-Baghdadi was killed in a joint US-Iraqi raid near the city of Tikrit.3 As a result, one month later Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was appointed the new leader of the Islamic State of Iraq.4 In April 2013, having expanded into Syria amid the civil war, the group changed its name to “Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.”5 Only one year later, on June 29, 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant proclaimed itself to be a caliphate (a single Muslim one-world government).6 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – surnamed “Caliph Ibrahim” or “Amir al-Mu’minin” (“Commander of the Faithful”) – was named its caliph, and the group renamed itself the “Islamic State”7 (at the moment it is often referred to as IS, ISIS, ISIL or Daesh).
As a caliphate, the Islamic State (through the voice of its caliph) has claimed religious, political and military authority over all Muslims worldwide.8 Based on a Jihadist-Salafism,9 it has promoted religious violence and regarded those who do not agree with its interpretations as infidels or apostates,10 it has demanded the banishment of the “crusaders” (the Christian-foreign invaders) from the Middle East, the restoration of the former glory of the Islamic culture, the return to a pure and original Sunni doctrine, the establishment of a Sunni theocracy (a state governed by the divine law of Sharia) and the rejection of all religious innovations and alterations, believed to corrupt Islam’s original spirit.11