Contents

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

PART I. THE FOUNDATIONS OF APOCALYPTICISM

Chapter I. THE FUNDAMENTAL STRUCTURE

1. THE MEANINGS OF THE EXPRESSION “END OF THE WORLD”
2. THE ROOTS OF FATALISTIC BELIEFS
2.1. EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL ROOT
2.2. DIVINE REVELATION AS A THEOLOGICAL ROOT

Chapter II. THE THEOLOGICAL AND ESCHATOLOGICAL BASES

1. THE ABRAHAMIC ESCHATOLOGICAL ROOT
2. JEWISH ESCHATOLOGY
2.1. THE BASIC ELEMENTS: THE SCRIPTURES AND YAHWEH
2.2. THE CENTRAL POINT OF JEWISH ESCHATOLOGY: THE COMING OF THE MESSIAH
2.3. THE AFTERLIFE AND THE TRANSMIGRATION OF SOULS
3. CHRISTIAN ESCHATOLOGY
3.1. THE BASIC ELEMENTS: THE BIBLE AND THE TRINITY
3.2. THE CENTRAL POINT OF CHRISTIAN ESCHATOLOGY: THE SECOND COMING OF JESUS CHRIST
3.3. THE SIGNS OF THE END
3.3.1. The Antichrist
3.3.2. Babylon the Great
3.3.3. The Millennium
3.4. THE LIFE AFTER DEATH AND THE LIFE AFTER THE END
4. ISLAMIC ESCHATOLOGY
4.1. THE BASIC ELEMENTS: THE QURAN AND ALLAH
4.2. THE CENTRAL POINT OF ISLAMIC ESCHATOLOGY: JUDGMENT DAY
4.3. THE SIGNS OF THE END
4.3.1. Al-Dajjal (the Antichrist)
4.3.2. Jesus Christ and the Mahdi
4.4. THE AFTERLIFE AND SALVATION

Chapter III. PATTERNS OF APOCALYPTIC MANIFESTATIONS

1. MESSIANISM
2. PROPHECY
3. PREDICTION

PART II. CHRISTIAN APOCALYPTIC HISTORY

Chapter I. THE CHRISTIAN EUROPEAN APOCALYPTIC MANIFESTATIONS

1. THE APOCALYPSES OF THE EARLY CHRISTIANITY
1.1. ROME – BABYLON THE GREAT
1.2. NERO THE JEW – THE ANTICHRIST
1.3. THE MILLENNIAL WEEK
1.4. FROM BABYLON THE GREAT TO THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE
2. THE APOCALYPSES OF THE FIRST MEDIEVAL PERIOD
2.1. THE RELIGIOUS DECADENCE AND THE BEGINNING OF THE CONFLICT WITH ISLAM
2.2. THE PROPHECY OF THE MESSIANIC EMPEROR
3. THE FASCINATION OF THE YEAR 1000
3.1. THE MILLENNIAL WEEK OF THE YEAR 1000: ANNO MUNDI AND ANNO DOMINI
3.2. THE FIRST PERIOD: 950-1000
3.2.1. The rise of the Holy Roman Empire
3.2.2. Popular manifestations around the year 1000
3.3. THE SECOND PERIOD: 1000-1033
4. THE APOCALYPSES OF THE SECOND MEDIEVAL PERIOD
4.1. ISLAMOPHOBIA
4.1.1. The First Crusade
4.1.2. The demonization of Muhammad
4.2. THE ANTI-PAPAL APOCALYPTICISM AND THE FORESHADOWING OF THE REFORMATION
4.2.1. The anti-clerical messianisms
4.2.2. Joachim of Fiore and the three ages of universal history
4.2.3. The burst of mysticism
4.2.4. The Black Plague and the flagellants
4.2.5. The Great Western Schism and the prophecies of the popes
4.2.6. The astrological ascension
4.2.7. Girolamo Savonarola and the Florentine theocracy
5. THE APOCALYPSES OF THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
5.1. THE PAPAL DEMONIZATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF HISTORICISM
5.2. THE APOCALYPSES OF THE RADICAL-ANABAPTIST REFORMATION
5.2.1. The Zwickau Prophets
5.2.2. Thomas Müntzer and the German Peasants’ War
5.2.3. Melchior Hoffman, Jan Matthys and the Münsterite theocracy
5.3. THE ASTROLOGICAL APOGEE
5.3.1. The planetary conjunctions and the movements of the eighth sphere
5.3.2. The evilness of eclipses
5.3.3. The eternal and controversial Nostradamus
5.4. THE NUMEROLOGICAL APOCALYPSES
5.4.1. Michael Stifel and the antichristical calculations
5.4.2. John Napier and the subsequent evolution of numerology
5.5. THE CATHOLIC COUNTER-REFORMATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURISM
5.6. THE TURKISH DOOM
6. THE ENGLISH EVANGELICAL REVIVAL
6.1. THE HENRICIAN REFORMATION, ANGLICANISM AND PURITANISM
6.2. JOSEPH MEDE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH MILLENARISM
6.3. HEBRAISM
6.3.1. The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel
6.3.2. Rebuilding the Holy Temple and the sacred geometry
6.3.3. James Ussher and the new age of the world
6.4. THE SECTARIANISM OF THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
6.5. THE YEAR 1666: THE BLACK PLAGUE AND THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON
6.6. ISAAC NEWTON AND THE DECLINE OF ASTROLOGY
7. THE SCIENTIFIC ASSAULT UPON ESCHATOLOGY
7.1. THE APOCALYPSES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
7.1.1. The Reign of Terror and the Cult of Reason
7.1.2. Napoleon the Beast and the repatriation of the Jews
7.2. THE BRITISH PROPHETIC MOVEMENT
7.2.1. The popular apocalypticism
7.2.2. From Hebraism to British Israelism
7.2.3. The Neo-Protestant betrayal: the futurist dispensationalism
7.2.4. When science and religion collide: pyramidology
7.3. IDEALISM, PRETERISM AND ESCHATOLOGICAL REEVALUATION

Chapter II. THE CHRISTIAN AMERICAN APOCALYPTIC MANIFESTATIONS

1. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS AND THE ESCHATOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
2. THE COLONIZATION AND THE BIRTH OF AMERICAN EXCEPTIONALISM
2.1. THE RELIGIOUS MIRAGE OF THE NEW WORLD
2.2. COTTON MATHER AND THE APOCALYPSE OF THE WITCHES
3. THE FIRST GREAT AWAKENING
3.1. ANN LEE, SHAKERISM AND THE APOCALYPSE OF SEX
3.2. THE APOCALYPTICISM OF THE AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
4. THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING
4.1. THE BURST OF UTOPIAN EXPERIMENTS
4.2. JOSEPH SMITH JR. AND MORMONISM
4.2.1. The subsequent schisms and the truth about the Book of Mormon
4.3. MILLERISM AND THE “GREAT DISAPPOINTMENT”
4.4. ELLEN WHITE AND THE ADVENTIST VISION OF THE END
5. THE THIRD GREAT AWAKENING
5.1. THE ETERNAL ARMAGEDDON OF JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES

Chapter III. OTHER MANIFESTATIONS WITHIN THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE

1. Hong Xiuquan and the Taiping Rebellion

Chapter IV. THE CONTEMPORARY APOCALYPSES

1. THE IDEOLOGICAL CHAOS OF THE 20th CENTURY
2. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL
3. THE ALIEN APOCALYPSE
3.1. THE AGE OF THE CONTACTEES
3.2. THE APOCALYPSE OF RELIGION
4. THE GOOD EMPIRE VERSUS THE EVIL EMPIRE
5. DOOMSDAY CULTS
6. THE CONSPIRATORIAL APOCALYPSE
7. THE END OF THE MILLENNIUM
7.1. THE YEAR 2000 AND THE COMPUTER APOCALYPSE
7.2. THE FASCINATION OF NUMBERS
8. THE REBIRTH OF MYSTICISM
8.1. THE AGE OF AQUARIUS
8.2. THE NEW AGE MOVEMENT
8.3. THE MAYA PSEUDO-PROPHECY AND THE YEAR 2012
9. THE SELF-DESTRUCTIVE APOCALYPSES OF THE THIRD MILLENNIUM

CONCLUSIONS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BOOKS
ARTICLES



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